Chandrayaan-3 A new hope to conquer the moon || ISRO


Chandrayaan-3 is the third exploratory mission to the moon by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on 15 July 2023 at 14:35 IST. The main person behind the launch of Chandrayaan -3 is a senior scientist from the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre- S Mohana Kumar. The mission is the result of decades of science, with hundreds of researchers working with the best they have in them.

It is the next follow-up after Chandrayaan-2 which crashed on the moon’s surface in 2019, to show its potentiality in landing successfully on the moon’s south pole. This part of the moon is still yet to be explored by every Space Organisations.
India is hoping to be the first one to explore it. If Chandrayaan-3 successfully orbited the moon then it is estimated to land on the moon’s surface on 23rd August at 17:47 IST.

It comprises two configurations- Lander and Rover.
The lander is designed to make safe and soft landing and Rover is like a planetary surface designed to move across the solid surface on any planet or celestial body.
The lander in Chandrayaan-3 is called Vikram and the rover is Pragyaan.

It was launched by LVM3 i.e. Launch Vehicle Mark-III from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota. It is said by the scientists at ISRO that Chandrayaan-3 will take a total of 42 days approx to reach its destination . It was noted that when China and the Soviet sent their spacecraft on the lunar mission, they spent less time reaching their destination as compared to Chandrayaan-3 . China took about 4 days to reach the surface of the moon and the Soviet took only 36 hours.

So what could be the reason behind Chandrayaan-3’s delay in reaching the moon?
The reason is that ISRO doesn’t have a powerful and compatible spacecraft to travel and make the journey to the moon. Owing to the distance between the Earth and the Moon, the technique that ISRO scientists adopted is a bit different.
Chandrayaan-3 is expected to make its successful journey to the moon with the help of Earth’s orbits and burning of an engine that will ultimately give a push to its speed.

This technique was also used in the Mangalyaan mission which needed more time but also allowed the use of less compatible launch vehicles. With this strategy, the spacecraft will save a lot of fuel and thus can cover the distance though in more time but efficiently.Our genius space scientists not only focused on the completion of the Chandrayaan-3 mission but to save the assets provided by the government or even made by the manpower. The idea was to save the means for space travel and completing the mission with the judicious use of resources and funds.



Here lies three main objectives of the Chandrayaan-3 :

To exhibit safe and soft landing of the lander on the moon’s surface.
Observing and showing the rover’s potentials on the moon.On-site scientific monitoring in order to make scientific experiments on the chemicals as well as natural elements like soil, water etc available on the surface of the moon in order to understand the composition of the moon in a better way.

Crowd assembled at the space complex to watch the history in making and also more than 1 million people watched the launch online on YouTube. Not only common people but many celebrities have also shown great amount of gratitude in their views on Twitter regarding this major mission for India.No country so far has achieved this success of landing on the lunar South Pole. Previously, the United States tried to send spacecraft to the particular south region but they were not successful. Every country is now wishing India to achieve this grand success of space travelling aspirations through the hopes with Chandrayaan-3.

Chandrayaan-3’s journey to space has an estimated budget of 615 Crores. It is said to be the most economical space mission comparable to its forerunners.


People on social media have been comparing the budget of “Chandrayaan-3” with that of the controversial movie of the year “Adipurush”. They have been criticising the filmmakers’ recklessness in spending 600 crores in making their movie whose ratings are not good as per the money spent on its production. This comparison is bringing the feeling of patriotism in people’s hearts. People are eagerly waiting and praying for Chandrayaan-3’s success. It will be a great victory for India suppressing the loss of the previous lunar mission :Chandrayaan-2.

The previous space exploration- CHANDRAYAAN-2


Remembering Chandrayaan-2’s failure paved the way for ISRO scientists to cope with the mistakes and make improvements. All the things that went wrong in the launch of Chandrayaan-2 were keenly observed and this time all those things were taken care of in order to avoid mishappening.The reason behind Chandrayaan-2’s failure was the spacecraft was unable to reduce the speed of the lander at the final moments of landing. The scientists discovered problems in both Hardware and software and in Chandrayaan-3, all these things were improved with better capabilities.

Chandrayaan-2 aimed at operating a robotic rover on the lunar surface. It also had the objective of studying the moon’s topography, its atmosphere, natural elements and much more. As a bundle, exploring the south pole of the moon was the main target because it had never been explored. Unfortunately, India didn’t gain victory for its 2019 Lunar mission. But with new hope and ample capabilities, India again launched its 3rd Exploration mission of the moon i.e. Chandrayaan-3. As per the statement given by officials from ISRO, the space organisation declared in November 2019 that they will again try the mission on 14 July 2023. They further added that study on this ground was in continuation.

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The successful insertion of the Vikram lander and Pragyan rover near the Moon’s South Pole by Chandrayaan-2 in 2019 attracted the attention of the entire world. However, the expedition suffered some minor difficulties. While attempting to land on the moon, the Chandrayaan-2 lander named Vikram had crashed. Even with the accident, it still represented a significant milestone in India’s space history.



ISRO had faced lots of criticism at that time after the failure of Chandrayaan-2. They were targeted by many Indian news media for having lack of transparency in analysing the crash.Many of the former employees and scientists criticised the Chairman of ISRO and its working culture.
In order to cope with the failure of Chandrayaan-2, our genius scientists and workers once again assembled together and brought another mission in the light with Chandrayaan-3.

But not to forget that the development of the institutions devoted to space exploration shows how the space organisation (ISRO) expanded its length in exploring space. This is the hard work of each and every individual in that organisation. From workers to scientists; from men to women and from youngsters to fully-grown adults, everyone has contributed to its development. It’s their devotion that is bringing Indians all together in one wool. Their hard work, sincerity, determination everything is accountable for all of the achievements that Indian Space Organisation has ever achieved.


As of now Chandrayaan-3 is smoothly covering its journey to the moon and it is expected to land on the south pole of the lunar surface on 23rd August 2023 at 17:47 IST. The rocket is still circling around the Earth. ISRO chairman gave his statement on the injection of Chandrayaan-3 into lunar orbit . He said that the spacecraft will be injected to the lunar orbit in order to cover it’s journey on time on August 1. A recent update shows that ISRO has successfully raised Chandrayaan-3’s orbit the second time. Successfully raised by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) a second time. The spacecraft is currently travelling at a nearest distance to the earth at 200 kilometres, thanks to the Orbit-Raising Maneuver. To Know Next Steps Click Here: Space.

The Indian space agency will carry out three more Earth-Bound Manoeuvres to get the exact height needed to break free of Earth’s gravity and start travelling towards the Moon.After getting chandrayaan-3’s health status, our honourable Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated in his tweet on how Chandrayaan-3 writes a new chapter in India’s saga of space exploration. He further gave his blessing to the spacecraft to fly high, boosting the aspirations and desires of every Indian. He also mentioned the ISRO scientists in this historic accomplishment that is the evidence of the hardwork and dedication.Link To Know More: ISRO.


With the successful launch of its Chandrayaan-3 mission on Friday, 14th July 2023, India is attempting to become just the fourth nation to successfully carry out a controlled landing on the moon. Chandrayaan-3 is India’s second soft landing attempt after the failed Chandrayaan-2 attempt in 2019. India’s first lunar exploration in 2008, orbited the Moon before crashing into the moon’s surface.

If everything goes well with Chandrayaan-3, the possibility of its landing on the south pole of the lunar surface is on 23rd August 2023 at 17:47 IST. It will be the greatest achievement for the India Space Organisation as India will be the first country to set its feet on the south pole of the moon . None of the other countries’ space organisations were successful in their mission to the south of the moon. Each and every individual in India is bidding and praying for Chandrayaan-3’s success.

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